cyst

Cyst



A cyst is a pathological cavity in the body (pathomorphological it is regressive changes) which is filled with liquid, semi-solid or solid (different cohesion and composition) – it is clear, amber, brown, exfoliated epithelial mass or skin appendages. The cause of these features in the soft tissues may be a malformations (congenital), obstruction the glandular ducts or organ (congestive cysts) or other (idiopathic, after-infectious, etc.). It can be formed in the course of some diseases (polycystic ovary syndrome, polycystic renal disease). Diagnosis is based on the clinical picture, which is confirmed by radiological examinations (e.g. renal ultrasonography is the gold standard for detection renal cystic) and microscopic examination (biopsy, discharge examination). In rare cases, cysts can undergo malignant transformation, so every change of this type must be subjected to regular observation.


Types



a) cysts - lined by epithelium (e.g. renal cysts);

b) pseudocysts - without epithelial lining (e.g. cysts in the pancreas in cystic fibrosis or parasitic cysts);

c) haemorrhagic - ovarian follicle that has not ruptured.


Another division based on pathogenesis:

a) congenital

b) secondary (e.g. hepatic cysts).


Treatment



The method of choice in the case of asymptomatic cysts and without risks is observation of changes. In other cases, the mainstay of treatment is surgical removal of the pathological change. Treatment may be one or two stages. In the first case, all changes are removed during one procedure; in two stages - at first, requires decompression of the contents and then remove it. It is total removal of the capsule because some cysts have a tendency to regrowth.

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Laparoscopic Resection of a Appendiceal Mucocele

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Laparoscopic resection of appendiceal mucoceles has recently been described, but the safety and efficacy are controversial. We present this case of laparoscopic mucocelectomies involving15 cm cystic masses...

Apicoectomy Cyst Surgery

Specialty:  Dental Surgery
views: 1020 comments: 0
N/A

Apicectomies are usually done by oral and maxillofacial surgeons when conventional root canal treatment in not possible. To remove the Apiceoctomy cyst, the surgeon gains access by making an incision...

Do you Prefer to do Ablation to the Remaining...

views: 327 comments: 0
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Surgical video case: do you prefer to do an ablation to the remaining epithelial lining of the cyst after deroofing or not.

Odontogenic Cyst Enucleation

Specialty:  Dental Surgery
views: 650 comments: 0
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This video by dr Pasquale Loiacano shows the intervention for enucleation of an odontogenic cyst.

Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy with Intraoperative...

views: 3551 comments: 0
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Surgical video case: intraoperative cholangiography in the course of laparoscopic cholecystectomy is not only valuable to detect common bile duct stones, but also to delineate the anatomy of the biliary...

Right Vocal Fold Cyst

views: 3748 comments: 3
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This video shows a case of a smoking female with right vocal fold cyst.

Uniportal VATS Resection of Complex Huge Bronchogenic...

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In this video we show the resection of a complex bronchogenic cyst stucked to inferior pulmonary vein, pericardium, bronchus intermedius, lung parenchyma and posterior mediastinum. The content of the...

Gastric Duplication Cyst in a 4 year old Boy...

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This is a video demonstration of a gastric duplication cyst in a 4 year old boy. The pt was a known case of EA-TEF and later presented with pain and lump in left side of abdomen. Background Music: https://www.bensound.com

Managementof a Big Ovarian Cyst in the Context...

Nabil Moulay

Specialty:  Gynecology
views: 4381 comments: 0
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This video directed by Dr. Moulay nabil (www.drmoulaynabil.com) gynecologist in Rabat Morocco shows the surgical strategy for the treatment of a big ovarian cyst in the context of infertility. To minimize...

Laparoscopic Management of Large Liver Cyst

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The video shows a laparoscopic management of large liver cyst.