Surgical – Site Infections in Gynecologic Surgery. Risk Factors and Prevention.

Surgical – site infections (SSIs) are well-known complications of gynecologic and obstetric surgeries. Despite not being very common, they can significantly increase the cost of hospitalization and lead to further serious complications as well as poor clinical outcome. SSIs are a result of multiple risk factors, both modifiable and unmodifiable, but a thorough analysis of these factors can help prevent infections. This review focuses on definition, pathophysiology, epidemiology and prevention of SSIs. The analysis of current literature was done to improve the understanding of the recommendations and guidelines and shortly point out the most common microbiological and host – related risk factors with an emphasis on those which can be addressed in order to decrease the incidence of SSIs in gynecologic surgery.

Izabella Mogilnicka, Katarzyna Krulak, Agnieszka Dobrowolska-Redo, Julia Zaręba-Szczudlik, Ewa Romejko-Wolniewicz

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