Description of Calcified Bladder Tumor
3 months ago
Urology video case: bladder cancer is the fourth most common malignant tumor, the second urological tumor and the first of the urinary tract. Urothelial or transitional cell carcinoma of the bladder is the most common malignancy of the genitourinary tract. It occurs more frequently in men than in women (3-4:1) and 65-70 years is the average age at diagnosis. Smoking is the main risk factor, tripling the risk of suffering from bladder cancer. It is due to the renal excretion of carcinogenic agents in high concentrations through urine, which contacts the urothelium of the entire urinary tract. The tumor can originate at any point from the renal pelvis to the urethra, but it is in the bladder where there is the greatest urothelial surface and where the toxins will remain the longest. Macroscopic or microscopic hematuria, with or without low back or pelvic pain, is the main symptom in patients with bladder cancer. Bladder cancer or bladder tumor originates when the cells that make up the urinary bladder (transitional cells) begin to grow uncontrollably. These cells may remain confined to the mucosa or infiltrate the next layer, the muscle. Bladder tumor calcification is a rare presentation. In the event of any calcification of probable bladder origin, seen by simple radiology, its study should be continued with other imaging methods. IMAGING TECHNIQUES: ULTRASOUND, CT (Computed Tomography), MRI (Magnetic Resonance), PET (Positron Emission Tomography). In case of etiological doubt, cystoscopy with biopsy and/or microbiological study should be performed.
MD, PhD - Assistant Professor