Cardiology is a medical specialty that focuses on the study, diagnosis, and treatment of disorders related to the heart and blood vessels. Cardiologists, specialists in this field, address a broad spectrum of cardiovascular conditions, including coronary artery disease, heart failure, arrhythmias, and valvular disorders.
Cardiology involves a comprehensive approach, utilizing diagnostic tools such as electrocardiography (ECG), echocardiography, and cardiac catheterization to assess cardiac function. Cardiologists work closely with patients to develop personalized treatment plans that may include lifestyle modifications, medications, and interventional procedures like angioplasty or coronary artery bypass surgery.
Advances in cardiology include the development of novel therapies, such as transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) and remote monitoring technologies, to enhance patient care and outcomes. Cardiologists collaborate with other healthcare professionals, including cardiothoracic surgeons and interventional radiologists, to provide integrated and multidisciplinary cardiovascular care.
The field of cardiology plays a crucial role in preventing and managing cardiovascular diseases, contributing to overall heart health and well-being.
The long-term risk of hypertension and cardiovascular disease in living kidney donors in Poland remains uncertain. Hypertension is one of the most important causes of cardiovascular disease worldwide....
Purpose of the study: The main objective of the study was to show, if people with high blood pressure are using stimulants in their everyday lives. Material and methods: The research was carried out in...