Crohn’s Disease, Pregnancy and Psychiatric Disturbances – a Case Report

Abstract: Crohn’s disease (CD) is a disorder characterized by transmural inflammation of the gastrointestinal tract. The peak onset of CD coexists with the reproductive period, but it doesn’t seem to affect fertility. A course of pregnancy and mode of delivery comprise challenging clinical problem. An 18-year-old woman was diagnosed with CD involving terminal ileum and the left side of the colon. Due to intolerance of thiopurines and non-acceptance of methotrexate, maintenance therapy consisted only of mesalamine and budesonide. Read full text »

Evaluation of Psychiatric Disorders Among Patients Suffering From Multiple Sclerosis

Abstract: Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a chronic demyelinating disease of the CNS. Movement disorders, but also mental dysfunction, affect the quality of life of patients with MS. The study group consisted of 39 patients with MS treated in the Department of Neurology, Medical University of Silesia. The control group consisted of 100 people from a healthy population. Read full text »

Occurrence of Sexual Dysfunctions Among Patients Suffering From Multiple Sclerosis

Abstract: It is estimated that 75% of patients suffering from multiple sclerosis (MS) have sexual dysfunctions. Despite frequency of these dysfunctions, the problem is often underestimated in everyday medical practice. The research included 22 patients with MS (14 F, 8 M) treated in Department of Neurology, Medical University of Silesia. The research tool was a standardized MSISQ-19 scale. Read full text »

Evaluation of the Presence of Leukoaraiosis in Correlation With Selected Risk Factors for Vascular Diseases in Patients With Newly Diagnosed Stroke

Abstract: Stroke is one of the most common causes of mortality and disability in the elderly and promotes the development of cognitive functions. Risk factors for stroke include hypertension, dyslipidemia, ischemic heart disease, arrhythmia, atherosclerosis and leukoaraiosis. Prospective assessment of the dependency between the occurrence of leukoaraiosis, selected blood laboratory parameters, ultrasound results of carotid duplex ultrasonography and cognitive impairment in patients with newly diagnosed stroke was performed. Read full text »

The Increase of Hepatitis a Infections in Europe and Poland in 2017

Abstract: In December 2016, the European Center for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC) published a report concerning increase in the number of hepatitis A cases in the United Kingdom and the Netherlands in 2016 caused by two new virus serotypes previously detected in patients in Berlin. Spain, Italy and Germany also reported a regional increase incidence of HAV at that time. In addition to the increase in the number of cases, there was a disproportion between the incidence of women and men and a high percentage of patients declaring homosexual orientation. Read full text »

Vitamin D Status in Surgical Patients – Own Experience

Abstract: Vitamin D plays an important role in calcium homeostasis. It has a pleiotropic health effect. Vitamin D deficiency is a risk factor for cardiovascular and immune diseases, infections, cancers and mental disorders. Epidemiological data on vitamin D status in the Polish population are limited. The aim of the study was to evaluate the vitamin D status in patients hospitalized in the surgical ward. Read full text »

The Use of 3d Printing in Medicine – an Overview of Current Achievements and Possible Ways of Development in the Future

Abstract: 3D Printing also known as additive manufacturing is the one of most rapidly evolving technique in contemporary medical use. Because of decreasing cost of 3D printers an extended availability and accelerated development of this technique can be spotted at present. This paper reviews the current medical applications of additive manufacturing. Moreover, it discusses the problems and challenges standing on the way of this revolutionizing technique. Read full text »

Innovative Method of Cancer Treatment – Aerosol Chemiotherapy Under Pressure

Abstract: The incidence and death rate due to cancer is constantly increasing. Cancer affects not only the elderly, as one of the effects of an aging population, but also of young people, due to the increased rate of metabolism or genetic predisposition to malignancy of the cancer. The basic method of treatment of malignant tumor is chemotherapy, used in several ways, including intravenously, orally and intraperitoneally.
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Obesity – Risk or Protection Factor? Obesity Paradox in Cardiovascular Diseases

Abstract: Obesity, by definition, is a chronic disease which is the result of excessive accumulation of fatty tissue and characterized by increasing body mass index (BMI) ≥ 30 kg/m2 . It is classified as a civilization disease. According to World Health Organization (WHO) in 2016 worldwide, there were 650 million obese people. As evidenced, obesity increases the probability of developing cardiovascular diseases such as hypertension, heart failure and coronary artery disease. Interestingly, a lot of studies have been carried out and results of these studies indicate that obesity, which is an important risk factor for cardiovascular disease, may also act as a favorable prognostic factor. Read full text »

Evaluation of Nutritional Status of Patients Using Laboratory Tests. Review

Abstract: Malnutrition is a condition resulting from the lack of absorption or consumption of nutritional substances, leading to changes in body composition, physical and mental impairment of bodily functions, and adverse effects on the treatment of any underlying disease. In Poland, since 2012, assessing the nutritional status of each patient admitted to hospital is required, the exception of hospital emergency departments. However, there is no gold standard for this assessment. Currently, the main diagnostic criteria are anthropometric measurements and an interview with questions related to nutrition. Read full text »