Impeded Metal Object in IVC and IVCS as a Result of Explosion

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specialty:
Cardiac Surgery

Case description

Inferior vena cava (IVC) occlusion refers to the blockage or obstruction of the large vein that carries deoxygenated blood from the lower body to the heart. This condition can be caused by various factors, including blood clots, tumors, or external compression. Depending on the location and extent of the occlusion, symptoms can range from mild discomfort to life-threatening complications such as swelling of the lower limbs, abdominal pain, difficulty breathing, and even organ dysfunction. Diagnosis typically involves imaging studies such as ultrasound, CT scan, or MRI to visualize the blockage and assess its severity. Treatment options may include anticoagulant therapy to dissolve blood clots, surgical intervention to remove obstructions, or placement of stents to keep the vein open. The management of IVC occlusion depends on the underlying cause and individual patient factors, with the goal of relieving symptoms and preventing complications. 

tags: Michael Vallely Abolfazl Gholami ivc inferior vena cava cardiac surgery anatomy surgical anatomy surgical technique cardiac surgery training cardiac surgery case

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