It is retreating of diet consumed from stomach to esophagus due to leakage or insufficiency of the lower esophageal sphincter. Risk factors: hiatal hernia, obesity, low voltage of lower esophageal sphincter, fatty foods, wine, spicy spices, sudden changes in body position, Zollinger-Ellison syndrome. The diagnosis for this disease: contrast X-ray, upper gastrointestinal tract endoscopy, pH-metry, manometry, omeprazole test . Untreated may lead to series of severe complications (gastrointestinal bleeding, adenocarcinoma).


a) GERD (gastroesophageal reflux) - a group of clinical symptoms and / or changes in the esophageal mucosa which are caused by recurrent episodes of getting the gastric contents into the esophagus (endoscopic should be confirmed);

b) NERD (non erosive reflux disease) - 24 h pH-metry shows regurgitation into the esophagus, but there are no visible symptoms in endoscopy.
Symptoms - esophageal symptoms (heartburn, retrosternal pain), associated with organ failure (esophagitis, Barrett's esophagus, adenocarcinoma) and others (cough, hoarseness, asthma, dental caries, chronic laryngitis). Quality of life is reduced due to complaints.


Is several stages (depending on the severity of symptoms):

a) modification of lifestyle - avoiding stimulants (coffee, alcohol), reduction of body weight, regular consumption of meals;

b) pharmacotherapy - used proton pump inhibitors, antacids;

c) the operation - usually performed by laparoscopic Nissen fundoplication.

Other types of reflux

a) bile reflux into the stomach (pyloric sphincter insufficiency); ulcers may occur;

b) vesico-ureteral reflux - here is the reverse flow of urine from the bladder and ureters to the kidneys, can lead to serious complications;

c) reflux of duodeno-gastro-oesophageal reflux - regurgitation of duodenal contents into the stomach and esophagus;
d) laryngo-pharyngeal reflux - stomach contents move to the larynx, pharynx, sinuses, oral cavity, nasopharynx, middle ear.

Adenocarcinoma adenoma anatomy bleeding cancer colon colonoscopy duodenum echocardiography emr endoscopy ent images esophagus for dental students for dentists gastroscopy GIST hernia Histopathology hysterectomy laparoscopy polyp polypectomy rectum robotic surgery stomach surgical video case TUMOR ulcer varices
Number of results
Sort by

Mini Gastric Bypass + Nissen Fundoplication +...

views: 1811 comments: 1

Surgical video case: 37-year-old male patient, BMI of 35.The patient applied with complaints of overweight and severe reflux. Mini gastric bypass, hiatus hernia repair and Nissen fundoplication procedures...

TOUPET Type Posterior Anti Reflux Valve

views: 3821 comments: 3

Hiatal hernia - gastroesophageal reflux. TOUPET type anti-reflux valve - laparoscopic treatment.

Laparoscopic Fundoplication

views: 2327 comments: 1

This Video Demonstrates Laparoscopic Fundoplication performed at World Laparoscopy Hospital, Gurgaon. During fundoplication surgery, the upper curve of the stomach (the fundus) is wrapped around the esophagus...

Vesicoscopic Reimplant in Reflux with Diverticulum

views: 3127 comments: 0

This is a case scenario where there is a child with Gr 5 Reflux with paraureteric diverticulum. He underwent a vesicoscopic excision of diverticulum with cohens reimplantation.

Just One Step -Tunneling in Vesicoscopic Reimplantation

views: 2002 comments: 0

Small video demonstrating the crucial step of creating a submucosal tunnel during vesicoscopic reimplantation. This is being done in a 3 ys old child who had a previous deflux inj

Port Site Closure after Vesicoscopic Reimplantation

views: 2559 comments: 0

The video shows port site closure after vesicoscopic reimplantation.

Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD) - CRASH!...

Specialty:  Gastroenterology
views: 1575 comments: 0

The video contains information about gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). For just $1/month, you can help keep these videos free! Subscribe to my Patreon at

Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease - Dysphagia

views: 3010 comments: 0

Today I have uploaded a common GI problem in the society- GERD • GERD is retrograde flow of stomach contents into esophagus • GERD cause dysphagia only if it is complicated with a stricture formation...

LINX in GERD. The Evolution of the Technique....

views: 2822 comments: 1

Presented by Rebeca V. Dominguez at the "SS37: Revisional Bariatrics/Foregut Video Session" session during the SAGES 2019 Annual Meeting in Baltimore, MD on Saturday, April 6, 2019. This was...

Endoscopic Resection - Discussion: ESD or CAP...

views: 3044 comments: 0

This video presents a case of a 76 years old male, who has a epigastric pain with reflux. Gastroscopy showed a Barrett’s esophagus C3M5 with a nodule of 1 cm. Biosy of the nodule showed in situ...

Number of results
Sort by