Sternoclavicular Dislocation Injuries - Video Lecture
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There are two main ligaments that stabilize the sternoclavicular joint: sternoclavicular ligaments and costoclavicular ligaments. Injury to the these ligaments can cause dislocation of clavicle. It can either dislocate anteriorly or posteriorly. In the anterior dislocation, clavicle will stick out near the sternum causing a bump in the middle of the chest. The bump itself is not enough to come up with a diagnosis. Additional test have to be taken in order to confirm it, like a CT scan. Posterior dislocation may be a source of breathing difficulties, painful swallowing. It can be dangerous, because of the fragile structures located near it. X rays are not helpful as far as diagnosis is concerned. Ct scans are much more helpful. The author gives the viewer a wider explanation of each of the two dislocations. Various treatment methods are presented.
Orthopaedic Surgeon, Dir. of the Teaching & Learning Resource Centre, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, China
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