Left Main System Aneurysm Full Filled with Clot

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12 months ago
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specialty:
Cardiac Surgery

Case description

Video case: coronary aneurysm is a localized dilation or bulging of a coronary artery, which is the blood vessel that supplies oxygenated blood to the heart muscle. It occurs when there is weakening or damage to the wall of the artery, leading to the formation of a balloon-like bulge.

Coronary aneurysms are most commonly associated with a condition called Kawasaki disease, which primarily affects children. Kawasaki disease is an inflammatory condition that can cause vasculitis (inflammation of the blood vessels), including the coronary arteries. However, coronary aneurysms can also occur due to other causes, such as atherosclerosis (the buildup of plaque in the arteries), trauma, infection, or connective tissue disorders.

The main concern with coronary aneurysms is the risk of complications. Blood clots may form within the aneurysm, increasing the risk of a complete blockage of the artery (thrombosis). If a clot forms and blocks the blood flow, it can result in a heart attack or other cardiovascular complications.

The diagnosis of a coronary aneurysm is typically made using imaging tests such as coronary angiography, CT angiography, or cardiac MRI. These tests allow doctors to visualize the coronary arteries and identify any abnormalities, including aneurysms.

Treatment for coronary aneurysms depends on the size of the aneurysm, the presence of symptoms, and the underlying cause. In some cases, small aneurysms may not require any specific treatment other than monitoring. However, larger aneurysms or those causing symptoms may require medical intervention. Treatment options may include:

Medications: Medications can be prescribed to manage the underlying condition causing the aneurysm, reduce the risk of blood clot formation, and control other risk factors such as high blood pressure or high cholesterol.Interventional procedures: In certain cases, interventional procedures may be necessary. These can include the placement of stents to support the weakened artery wall and restore blood flow or the use of embolization techniques to close off the aneurysm.Surgery: In severe cases or when other treatments are not feasible, surgical intervention may be required. This can involve bypass grafting to redirect blood flow around the aneurysm or removing the affected segment of the artery and replacing it with a graft.Regular monitoring and follow-up with a cardiologist are essential for individuals with a coronary aneurysm to assess the aneurysm's stability, manage risk factors, and prevent complications. The treatment approach will be individualized based on the specific circumstances of each patient.

tags: Sam Zeraatian Zeraatian Zeraatian nejad davani Abolfazl Gholami Nazafarin Kamalzadeh Mehrdad Mesbah Kiaei aneurysm clot coronary aneurysm video case coronary artery balloon-like bulge kawasaki disease inflammation of the blood vessels atherosclerosis coronary angiography cardiac MRI

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