Approach to Upper Gastrointestinal Bleeding - causes, symptoms (melena) and treatment

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Case description

Patients with acute upper gastrointestinal (GI) bleeding commonly present with hematemesis (vomiting of blood or coffee-ground-like material) and/or melena (black, tarry stools). Common causes of UGI bleeding include peptic or duodenal ulcers, erosive gastritis, GORD, Variceal haemorrhage/bleeding, angiodysplasia and mallory Weiss tear. More uncommon causes of UGI bleeding include GAVE, cameron lesions, hemobilia and succus pancreaticus.

tags: bleeding upper gastrointestinal GI Hematemesis Melena peptic ulcer gastritis variceal haemorrhage Angiodysplasia Mallory-Weiss


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