Redo Laparoscopic Heller's Cardiomyotomy for Recurrent Achalasia: Is Laparoscopic Surgery Feasible?

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7 months ago
General Surgery

Case description

Surgical video case: achalasia cardia is an esophageal motor disorder with raised lower esophageal sphincter (LES) pressure. Minimally invasive procedures have become the procedure of choice compared with conventional open surgery, but treatment failures occur and require revisional surgery. 

Per-oral endoscopic myotomy (POEM) has become an accepted treatment for patients with achalasia. Despite its excellent efficacy rate of greater than 80%, a small percentage of patients remain symptomatic after the procedure. Limited data exist as to the best management for recurrence of symptoms after POEM.

After the primary surgery, recurrence or persistent symptoms have been noted in almost 10%-20% of cases. Revisional Heller's myotomy with Dor's fundoplication was performed in all patients laparoscopically. Mean duration of surgery was 150 minutes. Incomplete gastric myotomy and fibrosis at previous myotomy scar were the main causes of recurrence. 

Conclusion: Laparoscopic redo Heller's cardiomyotomy is a possibly reasonable option with good long-term results and minimal postoperative complications in expert hands.

tags: Achalasia cardia Per-oral endoscopic myotomy (POEM) Achalasia revisional surgery Achalasia redo POEM video case POEM case surgical video case esophageal disorder lower esophageal sphincter e-learning surgery laparoscopy video case Laparoscopic redo Heller's cardiomyotomy Recurrent Achalasia

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