Does the diet after colorectal surgery make a difference?

Over the past 20 years of medical research, there has been a significant increase in awareness of the importance of early feeding after colorectal surgeries. Surgeons transitioned from the routine historical decompression of the gastrointestinal tract through a nasogastric tube, through the introduction of the oral diet after giving the first flatus, up to the present times, in which reliable medical evidence indicates that early feeding is beneficial for the fast recovery of patients after these operations. Ways, complications associated with colon surgery and the time of introducing the diet after it always aroused controversy in the medical community. In “Advances in Surgery”, researchers from Singapore gathered in their article scientific achievements of recent years, which correspond to the many questions and concerns of surgeons. Read full text »

Acute appendicitis – antibiotic therapy or surgery?

A commonly known treatment method of acute appendicitis is an appendectomy. It is more frequently performed in laparoscopic way, what decreases the risk of wound infection, is less painful, shortens time of hospitalization and makes the patients return to their previous activity faster. Read full text »

Inguinal hernia treatment – lightweight mesh reduces postoperative pain

A group of researchers from Surgery Clinic of University in Napoli have examined frequency of occurrence and escalation of postoperative pain and other complications in patients who underwent operation on inguinal hernia with the use of lightweight mesh with larger pores and heavyweight one with small pores which were fixed with fibrin glue. Read full text »

Closure of Patent ductus arteriosus in preterm newborns as a minimally invasive method

Evan Zahn, who is an expert in the field of congenital heart defects, and his coworkers from Cedars-Sinai Medical Center in Los Angeles have used minimally invasive method to repair one of the most frequent inborn heart defects in preterms. Closure of PDA with this technique will allow to improve the condition of small patients without the risk of operation on an open heart. Results of the scientists’ work were published in Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions magazine. Read full text »

Advances in lens implant technology

Last 60 years have brought about significant developments in the cataract surgery. Traumatic and manual implantation of a simple lens was replaced by a minimally invasive surgical intervention supported by the newest technologies. During today’s operations it is possible to individually adjust the lens to the needs of the patient. Lens implantation is undoubtedly linked with the global growth of the aging population (cataracta senilis). Cataracts may be dealt only with surgery and that is why over 15 million of people are operated each year. Read full text »

Da Vinci Robot

Robotic surgery can be considered as a “step forward” in laparoscopic surgery. Surgeon does not stand behind the operating table, but controls the intervention using a special console. The image is seen three-dimensionally, what facilitates the view of the surgical field and improves precision. The Da Vinci robots are used widely in surgeries of prostate, kidney, colon, bladder, in the cancer of head and neck, the uterus and appendages, and in tumors of the chest.

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Gamma Knife in neurooncology

Radiosurgical Gamma Knife is a device used to treat benign and malignant brain tumors as well as some of the other diseases of the nervous system. Gamma Knife (also known as the Leksell Gamma Knife-from the name of one of the originators) was invented in Sweden in the 60s. The principle of the intervention is to deliver a high dose of cobalt radiation concentrated in a small area. Read full text »

Brain surgery – a cure for obesity?

Overweight and obesity have become a very big problem over the last two decades. This problem is so significant that the experts of the World Health Organization (WHO) have qualified the obesity as the civilisation disease of the 21st century [1].

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Surgical robotic systems

A number of new robotic systems for surgery have appeared in recent years. These developments aim both at research and improvement of clinical practice in robotic surgery.

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Tonsillectomy Guidelines for Children

Written for by Reginald F. Baugh, MD
Professor and Chief, Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery
Department of Surgery
University of Toledo Medical Center

Clinicians are often challenged with managing MRSA infections, but the Infectious Diseases Society of America has released new guidelines that provide a framework to help determine how to evaluate and treat individuals with uncomplicated and invasive infections caused by MRSA.

Approximately 530,000 tonsillectomies are performed each year in the United States, making these surgeries the second most routinely performed operation on children. The two most com­mon indications for tonsillectomy are recurrent throat infections and sleep-disordered breathing (SDB). The overall incidence rate of tonsillectomy appears to have significantly increased in the past 35 years, with SDB as the primary indication for surgery.

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