Everybody knows detrimental impact of secondhand smoke on human health. Annually worldwide because of passive smoking 600,000 people die. The exposure to tobacco smoke contributes not only to the prevalence of physical disease, including depression, but also causes serious lung and cardiovascular disease, such as lung cancer, heart failure and ischemic heart disease. Exposure of pregnant women to passive smoking, is associated with low birth weight newborns and the occurrence of asthma in children.
Quitting smoking can be a very difficult task for a person addicted to nicotine.
According to the Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), smoking is responsible for 480,000 deaths per year in the US alone. That is almost one-fifth of all deaths. Although the health consequences of smoking are well known, quitting the habit it is still a real challenge. Read full text »
Scientists from Mayo Clinic College of Medicine and the University of Alabama found that smokers who underwent primary total hip or knee arthroplasty developed postoperative complications more frequently. Complications involved deep infection of tissues and their hindered healing what could lead to revision of the implant.
Lung cancer is the most common malignant neoplasm in the world and the most frequent cause of cancer deaths among men and second after breast cancer among women. Tobacco smoking is the most important risk factor of cancer development. Asbestos, radon gas, genetic factors, air pollution and passive smoking also play a significant role. Adenocarcinoma, localized in peripheral parts of lungs, is the most often diagnosed cancer among women and non-smokers. Read full text »
The introduction of electronic cigarettes has revolutionized the life of many smokers. Manufacturers and distributors are glorifying its safety compared to traditional tobacco products. The liquid vapour contains no tar particles or toxins unlike the tobacco smoke. Research carried out in Greece and presented at the Congress of Vienna casts a shadow on the phenomenon of e-cigarettes. Read full text »
A positive correlation between salt intake and cardiovascular diseases has been known to exist for a long time. Menton et al. stated that epidemiologic, migration, intervention, and genetic studies in humans and animals provide very strong evidence of a causal link between high salt intake and high blood pressure. Furthermore, Miura and Nakagawa stated that a reduction in salt intake remarkably decreased blood pressure in the elderly, the middle-aged, and the younger generation in Japan. It is also known that obesity and diabetes mellitus increase a patient’s risk for stroke. The risk for atherosclerosis is even higher when a diabetic patient has high blood pressure. The most plausible explanation again is that both NaCl and glucose in blood synergistically raise both osmolarity of blood and core body temperature, resulting in atherosclerotic plaque formation.
Read full text »