CT and MRI, the verification of initial diagnosis (referral) and radiological diagnosis

Currently, computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) are the most important imaging examinations. Selection of a suitable diagnostic method is a key factor affecting both, the quality of treatment and the financial situation in health care. The subject of our study was to analyze referrals to CT and MRI examinations, as well as analysis of these examinations’ results. Read full text »

Infants – metachromatic leukodystrophy – the attempts in enzymatic replacement therapy with the use of arylsulfatase

The scientific conference devoted to genetic therapy in metachromatic leukodystrophy treatment in late infancy form was held in Paris in April 16-17.2011. It was organized by European Leukodytrophy Association (ELA). This organization supports families of children suffering from leukodytrophy and ELA enables them gaining financial help. Read full text »

Fructose diet impairs studying – metabolic syndrome in the brain

All the students beware! Nibbling sweets and drinking soda during cramming might actually threaten your exams. UCLA scientists found that unhealthy diet hampers the brain functions such as learning and memory. According to their findings, presented in the May edition of Journal of Physiology (1), rats watered with fructose solution were slow in finding the way out of a maze, which they had learnt before the introduction of diet. A mechanism responsible for this relation is connected with insulin receptor signalling and synaptic plasticity in the central nervous system. Fortunately, the researchers found the antidote – omega -3 fatty acids (n-3) minimize the harmful effects of high-sugar diet. Read full text »

Mobile phones – Human Phantom Vibration Syndrome

Human Phantom Vibration Syndrome (HPVS) is a new phenomenon on the verge of psychology and neurology that affects many users of mobile phones. It manifests itself differently but most commonly the owner a cell phone experiences the sensation of a vibration signal, although the device receives neither a message nor a call. The phenomenon has already been described in medical journals, however, there are very few studies on how often it occurs and what are the causes. Read full text »

Caring for Mild Traumatic Brain Injuries

Written by: Therese West, RN, CPN, MSN, APN-C

Therese West, RN, CPN, MSN, APN-C
Director-At-Large, American Association of Neuroscience Nurses

Financial Disclosure: Therese A. West, MSN, APN-C has indicated to Physician’s Weekly that she is on the Board of Directors of AANN and is employed as a contracted consultant for the Defense Centers of Excellence for Psychological Health and Traumatic Brain Injury.

Written for Physician’s Weekly.

The focus on TBIs among high school, college, and professional athletes has brought attention to new research showing the residual effects that remain in some patients with mild TBI. A new clinical guideline on caring for patients with mild TBI promotes evidence-based practices across the continuum of care.Continue Reading

Cotard syndrome – living dead is not a myth

Walking corpse syndrome, the delusion of death is one of the names of the state manifested by the patient’s belief to be deceased. The aetiology of affliction is read into stressful way of life and severe depressive state. People diagnosed with Cotard syndrome, which is the correct name of this disease, are convinced that they are dead and therefore claim that they cannot die again. Read full text »

Trigeminal neuralgia: bioresonance hypothesis and the latest treatment options

Trigeminal neuralgia is disorder characterized by intense recurrent attacks of severe and lancinating pain in the trigeminal nerve distribution area. It frequently causes deep distress and lowers the quality of patients lives in general. The attacks can be triggered by everyday activities such as eating or smiling. Before the correct diagnosis made, it sometimes happens that patients are forced to undergo wrong treatments like complicated oral surgeries or teeth extractions, which leads to a profound sense of injustice and sometimes complete isolation. Read full text »

Diabetes increases the risk of dementia

Patients with diabetes are at higher risk of developing dementia. Such results can be found in the study published on September 20 in Neurology. This is a medical journal of the American Academy of Neurology. Diabetes is a very common disease and in the light of this news, its control becomes more important than ever. Read full text »

Intranasal insulin causes improvement in Alzheimer’s patients

Alzheimer’s disease (AD) proves to be a both diagnostic and therapeutic challenge. The disease strikes unannounced and with progression severely debilitates. Amnestic Mild Cognitive Impairment (aMCI) often seems to precede it. Among some risk factors of developing AD, recently insulin resistance is the one intensely discussed. The current issue of Archives of Neurology journal (1) reports that intranasal administration of insulin may provide AD and aMCI patients with undeniable benefits. The 4-month therapy improved or stabilized memory, cognition and overall functional ability. Authors suggest that their pilot trial serves as a fair basis for future research. Read full text »

Alice in Wonderland Syndrome – What’s wrong with Alice?

L. Carroll, the author of a fairy tale “Alice in Wonderland” describes the situation when the Alice drinks a potion and eats a piece of a cake to change the size of her body. Of course, the scene is only literary fiction, but what if it could be true? Read full text »