The number of people with diagnosed overweight or obesity is rapidly growing worldwide. The problem concerns both, children and adults. According to World Health Organization, there is 1,6 bn overweight and 522 m obese people around the world. The latest research conducted in the United States showed that high-fat diet impairs cognitive processes of human organism such as memory or learning.
Everybody knows detrimental impact of secondhand smoke on human health. Annually worldwide because of passive smoking 600,000 people die. The exposure to tobacco smoke contributes not only to the prevalence of physical disease, including depression, but also causes serious lung and cardiovascular disease, such as lung cancer, heart failure and ischemic heart disease. Exposure of pregnant women to passive smoking, is associated with low birth weight newborns and the occurrence of asthma in children.
Stress can be caused by many diseases. This correlation has already been proved in acute diseases of the cardiovascular system such as myocardial infarction. The loss of the partner is considered to be one of the most stressful life experiences. Bereavement may be the cause of mental illness for example depression. Can the stress of bereavement cause of other diseases? Read full text »
Hodgkin’s disease is a lymphatic system neoplasm, which can be developed by both – children and adults. The median age at first diagnosis is about 30 years. Permanent fatigue which is recently reported by survivors more frequently, is becoming a serious problem during extensive care of the patient. Read full text »
Recent studies presented at the conference of the European Society of Human Genetics in Barcelona, Spain, shows that men whose red blood cells are characterized by the absence of the Y chromosome, are more prone to reveal Alzheimer’s disease. Scientists hope that in the future these results can be the basis for the early identification of people with increased risk of this disease.
Quitting smoking can be a very difficult task for a person addicted to nicotine.
According to the Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), smoking is responsible for 480,000 deaths per year in the US alone. That is almost one-fifth of all deaths. Although the health consequences of smoking are well known, quitting the habit it is still a real challenge. Read full text »
Depression is one of the main problems of public health worldwide. Till now, its etiology is not fully understood. From the psychiatric point of view depression is referred to as syndromes of depressive symptoms occurring in the course of affective disorders. These are manifested mainly by depressed mood (sadness, grief, low self-esteem, pessimism and suicidal thoughts), anhedonia, reduction of psychomotor motivation, circadian rhythm disorder. Over the years, the influence of various factors on the incidence of depression was studied. Nevertheless, scientists devoted little attention to assess the impact of diet or supplementation of specific macro and microelements. The recounted article focuses on assessing the effect of magnesium on the incidence of depression.
Short-term memory is a type of memory that stores a relatively small amount of information for short period of time. Assessment of short-term memory is useful as a screening tool for mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and Alzheimer’s disease. Previous studies have indicated associations between intake of dairy products, better cognitive function and increase in short-term memory. However, these studies have not considered genetic, family or environmental factors. Scientists from the Department of Health Promotion Science (Osaka) and the Center for Twin Research (Osaka) evaluated the impact of the above factors and the dairy products rich diet on a research group made up of twins. Read full text »
Scientists from Harvard University have discovered the probable cause of autism. They were the first ones to connect a specific neurotransmitter in the human brain with the incidence of the disease. Due to this observation the spectrum of knowledge about autism, and thus the diagnostic and therapeutical possibilities regarding autism, would widen. The previous reports described the role of GABA signalling in the pathogenesis of the disease on animal models. The team of scientists under the lead of Caroline Robertson from Harvard Society of Fellows were the first ones to prove its vital role in the development of the disorder in people.
Blood-brain barrier (BBB) has always posed a challenge for pharmacology. So far, there is no completely effective method to administrate peptide drugs, antibiotics and chemotherapeutic agents through the BBB (intrathecal injections are the alternative). The development of an effective penetration method through the blood-brain barrier would open new possibilities in the treatment of central nervous system (CNS) diseases with peptide drugs. Anand P et al. hit upon an innovative idea to overcome this problem. They used specially modified bacteriophages as nanocontainers full of painkillers, which allowed the application of the substance in the target area of action.