Aortic coarctation (CoA) constitutes 6-8% of all live births with hearth diseases. It can occur in various stages: from a discrete constriction of the aortic isthmus to the hypoplasia of the aortic arch. Prenatal diagnosis of CoA may result in lower mortality rate and better haemodynamic parameters (due to the early operation of CoA) by sustaining the patency of the aorta (1). The way to treat the fetus with CoA could be sustained, intermittent maternal hyperoxygenation (HO). Scientists discovered that HO can indicate the increase of left cardiac dimensions and the aortic isthmus (in fetuses with isolated CoA). Effects are mostly noticed in 4th week of treatment. The duration of the HO should dependent on left heart dimensions
It has been observed that the incidence of childhood asthma is gradually increasing in developed countries. It is estimated that one-third of the young population will suffer from this disease in the near future. Diagnosing asthma in children is difficult. It consists mainly of checking clinical symptoms: cough, dyspnoea and wheezing. Asthma attack can be provoked by infection of upper respiratory tract, contact with allergens, tobacco smoke, certain medications and physical activity.
The latest research conducted by researchers at the University of Utah shows that proper parenting strategies can mitigate the devastating impact of maternal depression on infant development. The data, published in the Child Development, reported that appropriately sensitive care from the mother greatly reduces the level of stress in the infant by influencing the neuroendocrine system. Read full text »
Autism is a neurodevelopmental disorder. It is the third most common developmental disability – it is even more common than Down’s Syndrome. It typically appears during the first three years of a child’s life and is characterized by social impairments, communication difficulties, showing no affection and stereotyped patterns of behavior. At the beginning of XXI century most recent reviews showed that the prevalence of autism is about 10 and 40 per 10,000 and it is four to five times more common among boys than girls.
Evan Zahn, who is an expert in the field of congenital heart defects, and his coworkers from Cedars-Sinai Medical Center in Los Angeles have used minimally invasive method to repair one of the most frequent inborn heart defects in preterms. Closure of PDA with this technique will allow to improve the condition of small patients without the risk of operation on an open heart. Results of the scientists’ work were published in Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions magazine. Read full text »
Effective and save imaging of neoplasmatic diseases in the youngest patients is curently a topic of several researches. The assessment of novel whole-body diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging was recently presented in „The Lancet”, including it’s comparison with computed tomography and 8F-fludeoxyglucose (18F-FDG) positron emission tomography. The research focused on cancer staging in pediatric patients. Promising results can result with defining the new standards in cancer imaging for this group of patients. Read full text »
The most common cause of spasticity among children is cerebral palsy. Swedish researchers from the University Hospital in Lund, Sweden conducted a study on the variations of muscle spasticity among children with cerebral palsy. The results clearly indicate that muscle spasticity increases up to the age of four, and gradually decreased, each year, until the age of 12. It is then maintained at the same level . Read full text »