Turkish scientists published results of their studies in „Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment” journal, in which they proved that vitamin D deficiency has an impact on restless legs syndrome occurence. In the independent pilot study, published in „Sleep and Breathing” journal, scientists from Saudi Arabia proved that a deficiency of vitamin D potentiates symptoms of the previously pointed syndrome. Read full text »
Phantom limb pain is a severe side effect of limb amputation with limited options of controlling. This chronic pain emanating from the site of amputated limbs can decrease quality of live even more. Use of percutaneous cryoablation in the area of scar and distal nerves of residual limb was proposed during Society of Interventional Radiology’s 2016 Annual Scientific Meeting.
Osteoporosis is a generalized metabolic bone disease, characterized by low bone mass, impaired microarchitecture of the bone tissue and consequently the increased susceptibility to fracture. It occurs most frequently in women after menopause (postmenopausal osteoporosis). The bones undergo remodeling throughout life. Two processes are responsible for their density – bone resorption stimulated by osteoclasts and bone formation performed by osteoblasts. This fact made these cells the main goal of pharmacotherapy for osteoporosis. Read full text »
Scientists from Mayo Clinic College of Medicine and the University of Alabama found that smokers who underwent primary total hip or knee arthroplasty developed postoperative complications more frequently. Complications involved deep infection of tissues and their hindered healing what could lead to revision of the implant.
Cancer cachexia is one of the main problems in the treatment of patients with advanced cancer. As shown by the most recent studies conducted by researchers at The Ohio State University Comprehensive Cancer Center – The James Cancer Hospital and Solove Research Institute (OSUCCC – James), a new inhibitor of histone deacetylases – AR-42 raises huge hopes in the world of oncology. New findings demonstrate that AR-42, through its inhibitory effect on the production of proinflammatory cytokines and multiple procachectic factors, can prevent body weight loss, muscular atrophy and reduction of adipose tissue mass. The results of this promising research were published in the renowned The Journal of the National Cancer Institute magazine . Read full text »
Discovery of scientists from University of Sheffield’s Department of Human Metabolism and University of Copenhagen opens a new therapeutic window in case of patients with invasive form of breast cancer. They showed that Lysyl oxidase homolog 2 (LOXL 2) significantly contributes to development of breast cancer metastases into bones and probably into lungs. Read full text »
According to current directives concerning physical activity among adult people, it is advised to do sports with high intensity such as jogging for a minimum of 75 minutes per week. However, new research conducted in Iowa State University prove that jogging of moderate or even low intensity for 5-10 minutes a day may significantly reduce the risk of death and longer trainings may do more harm than good.
In laboratories of King’s College in London it was possible to grow epidermis with the use of stem cells. The epidermis is structurally and functionally similar to native one in humans. It has protective functions and permeability, thus it can be a natural barrier. The research was published in Stem Cell Reports in April 2014. Read full text »
Researchers from University of Pittsburgh Schools of the Health Sciences gave a new insight into peripheral nerve regeneration methods after injury. According to their recent findings published in Journal of Clinical Investigation, stem cells derived from human skeletal muscle promote regeneration of damaged nerve and restore muscle function in animal model. This breakthrough brings a new hope form many patients suffering from peripheral neuropathies. Read full text »
Team from UC Davis Health System created a protocol allowing acquisition of a wrist motion sequences with use of short MRI scan series – the Active-MRI. The technique, developed by a group of radiologists, medical physicists and orthopaedic surgeons may become a valuable tool in diagnostics of early functional disorders that can underlay further pathologies such as wrist instability. Read full text »