Since the end of the twentieth century the number of birth by caesarean section (CS) has increased. In Poland in 2014, 42,8 % of deliveries was CS. On the one hand the number of maternal and newborn deaths decreases, but on the other hand caesarean section should be performed only if it is medically necessary. Alarming are reports that cesarean delivery may increase the risk of : autoimmune diseases, childhood allergies and asthma. The scientists from Italy carried out a study which showed that the intestinal flora of caesarean and vaginally delivered infants appears to be very different.
Chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyps (CRSwNP) represents growing health problem in developed countries. Recent study reviled that topical furosemide is beneficial treatment for CRSwNP, reducing the recurrence of polyps after endoscopic sinus surgery. However, the optimal dosage and treatment duration has not been established and require further investigation. The article was published in JAMA Otolaryngology–Head & Neck Surgery. Read full text »
Aortic coarctation (CoA) constitutes 6-8% of all live births with hearth diseases. It can occur in various stages: from a discrete constriction of the aortic isthmus to the hypoplasia of the aortic arch. Prenatal diagnosis of CoA may result in lower mortality rate and better haemodynamic parameters (due to the early operation of CoA) by sustaining the patency of the aorta (1). The way to treat the fetus with CoA could be sustained, intermittent maternal hyperoxygenation (HO). Scientists discovered that HO can indicate the increase of left cardiac dimensions and the aortic isthmus (in fetuses with isolated CoA). Effects are mostly noticed in 4th week of treatment. The duration of the HO should dependent on left heart dimensions
Year 2016 has brought new reports on a possible participation of infectious agents in the pathogenesis of sarcoidosis. Chinese scientists have published in the ‘PLoS One’ journal the results of a meta-analysis suggesting a possible contribution of Mycobacteria in the development of the disease. On the other hand, an international team of experts have published in the ‘American Journal of Respiratory Cell and Molecular Biology’ the results of an experiment indicating a contribution of Propionibacterium acnes infection in the pathogenesis of sarcoidosis.
Chronic Infection with hepatitis C virus can increase the risk of Parkinson’s disease to around 30% ‒ this is a conclusion of the authors of the research carried out in Medical University of China and published in Neurology magazine.
The number of people with diagnosed overweight or obesity is rapidly growing worldwide. The problem concerns both, children and adults. According to World Health Organization, there is 1,6 bn overweight and 522 m obese people around the world. The latest research conducted in the United States showed that high-fat diet impairs cognitive processes of human organism such as memory or learning.
Everybody knows detrimental impact of secondhand smoke on human health. Annually worldwide because of passive smoking 600,000 people die. The exposure to tobacco smoke contributes not only to the prevalence of physical disease, including depression, but also causes serious lung and cardiovascular disease, such as lung cancer, heart failure and ischemic heart disease. Exposure of pregnant women to passive smoking, is associated with low birth weight newborns and the occurrence of asthma in children.
Stress can be caused by many diseases. This correlation has already been proved in acute diseases of the cardiovascular system such as myocardial infarction. The loss of the partner is considered to be one of the most stressful life experiences. Bereavement may be the cause of mental illness for example depression. Can the stress of bereavement cause of other diseases? Read full text »
As the years go by, more and more people are struggling with allergic rhinitis. Permanent rhinorrhoea, sneezing or nasal congestion caused by inflammation of nasal mucosa are the reasons of common use of variety of pharmacological substances which are available in the drug stores. None of the groups of medicines which are currently used during treatment of rhinitis – steroids, antihistamines, antileukotrienes, immunotherapy etc., doesn’t cure it completely, so search for something more effective is still in process. Read full text »
Hodgkin’s disease is a lymphatic system neoplasm, which can be developed by both – children and adults. The median age at first diagnosis is about 30 years. Permanent fatigue which is recently reported by survivors more frequently, is becoming a serious problem during extensive care of the patient. Read full text »