Epidemiologic evidence suggests that diabetes is associated with an increased risk of cancer. Many reports describe numerous mechanisms, which can be the basis for the relationship between diabetes and cancer risk. One of them is the promotion of DNA damage through oxidative stress caused by an increased mitochondrial glucose oxidation. Moreover, insulin resistance, hyperinsulinemia, elevated levels of free insulin‐like growth factor and chronic inflammation associated with diabetes may also explain the positive association between diabetes and cancer risk.
Type II diabetes is a civilization disease of the 21st century. According to statistics, in 2014 the number of people with this disease was 422 million (fourfold increase in the number of patients within 35 years). It is the most common cause of disability and deaths worldwide. It is estimated that the global number of patients will exceed 777 million in 2025. Over 60% of patients report persistent pain, numbness, tingling, burning sensation, tenderness of the skin, especially in the distal parts of the limbs referred to as (poly) diabetic neuropathy.
The research that has recently been published shows that islet transplantation in patients with type 1 diabetes may prevent sugar drops that are dangerous to health. The results of the work of the scientists are considered a breakthrough in the fight against this chronic disease.
Quitting smoking can be a very difficult task for a person addicted to nicotine.
According to the Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), smoking is responsible for 480,000 deaths per year in the US alone. That is almost one-fifth of all deaths. Although the health consequences of smoking are well known, quitting the habit it is still a real challenge. Read full text »
Summer is coming and with sweltering heat comes a temptation to
quench thirst with sweetened beverages. However, we should carefully consider the type of fluid intake because as scientist from Karolinska Institutet report, consumption of sweetened beverage significantly increases the risk of heart failure occurrence.
Chronic heart failure (CHF) is a progressive disease which manifests itself as a decrease in cardiac output accompanied with myocardial dysfunction. The most common cause of CHF is the ischemic heart disease (IHD) but it may also be a complication of hypertension, cardiomyopathy or myocarditis. Disease is characterized with high mortality, 50% of patients die within 5 years of diagnosis. Therefore the search for new therapeutic approaches, that could improve these statistics continues. Read full text »
Scientists from Catholic University of Rome recently published results of their studies in „The Lancet”. They proved that bariatric surgeries are more effective in treatment of diabetes type 2 in obese patients than pharmacotherapy. Read full text »
The latest research show that 54 million Americans with BMI in the range of overweight or obesity have good test results, what implicates that there is no heart disease or diabetes. On the other hand, Americans with normal BMI have worse results. This could be the beginning of the end of this commonly used indicator. Read full text »
Researchers indicate an increase in interest, which appeared around the world, in the relationship between the height and the development of chronic but non-communicable diseases. On the one hand tall people are not vulnerable to cardiovascular disease and type II diabetes, but on the other hand they are exposed to developing cancer. The results of the discussion of the etiology of these relationships appeared in the pages of The Lancet Diabetes & Endocrinology. Read full text »