Stressful cigarettes – how passive smoking affects stress level?

iStock_000009024892XSmallEverybody knows detrimental impact of secondhand smoke on human health. Annually worldwide because of passive smoking 600,000 people die. The exposure to tobacco smoke contributes not only to the prevalence of physical disease, including depression, but also causes serious lung and cardiovascular disease, such as lung cancer, heart failure and ischemic heart disease. Exposure of pregnant women to passive smoking, is associated with low birth weight newborns and the occurrence of asthma in children.

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Being tall – risk for developing cancer and low risk for cardiovascular disease

iStock_000019976173_DoubleResearchers indicate an increase in interest, which appeared around the world, in the relationship between the height and the development of chronic but non-communicable diseases. On the one hand tall people are not vulnerable to cardiovascular disease and type II diabetes, but on the other hand they are exposed to developing cancer. The results of the discussion of the etiology of these relationships appeared in the pages of The Lancet Diabetes & Endocrinology. Read full text »

Nanocapsules for highly targeted clot-busting treatment

iStock_000015911522_DoubleAcute thrombosis, which occurs in pathological hemostatic condition such as rupture of an unstable atherosclerotic plaque, can lead to acute myocardial infarction or ischemic stroke. These diseases are major issues in world’s population as they are among major causes of disability and death. Currently avaliable treatment options require highly trained medical teams to achieve optimal results. The potential effects can still be improved, considering actually achieved cure and complication rates. Read full text »

ESCAPE trial brings new data on endovascular thrombectomy in large-vessel acute ischemic stroke

3.-Spheres-entering-bloodstreamAcute ischemic stroke treatment remains a challenge both for clinicans and the population. Early recognition and treatment has a huge impact on further clinical outcomes. The introduction of clot-busting intravenous tissue plasminogen activator (IV tPA) drug improved the prognosis, but did not assure high recanalization rates. Development of endovascular techniques since 1990’s brought new possibilities for acute large vessel occlusion treatment of intracranial arteries. Promising early outcomes induced several randomized trials to assess efficacy and safety, as well as indications for this new approach. Read full text »

Closure of Patent ductus arteriosus in preterm newborns as a minimally invasive method

Evan Zahn, who is an expert in the field of congenital heart defects, and his coworkers from Cedars-Sinai Medical Center in Los Angeles have used minimally invasive method to repair one of the most frequent inborn heart defects in preterms. Closure of PDA with this technique will allow to improve the condition of small patients without the risk of operation on an open heart. Results of the scientists’ work were published in Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions magazine. Read full text »

Cardiogenic shock as the most serious complication of MI. How to improve patients’ prognosis?

Cardiogenic shock is usually associated with an extensive damage of the left ventricle connected with myocardial infarction. Frequency of cardiogenic shock in MI ranges from 5% to 10%, but it can also occur as a complication of right ventricular infarction (3% of cases). There are, however, other causes of the shock: valvular dysfunction (12%) or impaired blood flow in e.g. cardiac tamponade. Read full text »

Antibody will identify deposits in vessels

Scientists are working on developing a tagged antibody, which will identify atherosclerotic plaque and fat in the walls of arteries. Deposits are threatening with wall rupture and thrombus, so as a consequence with heart attack or ischemic brain stroke. The results of studies on the antibody were published in Circulation Research, journal of the American Heart Association (AHA). Read full text »

Surgical robotic systems

A number of new robotic systems for surgery have appeared in recent years. These developments aim both at research and improvement of clinical practice in robotic surgery.

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TAVI non – inferior to AVR at the 2 – year follow up

Outcomes of one of the largest clinical trials comparing transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) to open heart surgery aortic valve replacement (AVR) were published. Non-inferiority of the TAVI procedure has been demonstrated for mortality and overall clinical outcomes (1). Read full text »