The Use of 3d Printing in Medicine – an Overview of Current Achievements and Possible Ways of Development in the Future

Abstract: 3D Printing also known as additive manufacturing is the one of most rapidly evolving technique in contemporary medical use. Because of decreasing cost of 3D printers an extended availability and accelerated development of this technique can be spotted at present. This paper reviews the current medical applications of additive manufacturing. Moreover, it discusses the problems and challenges standing on the way of this revolutionizing technique. 3D Printing helps students in learning anatomy, surgeons in preoperative preparation and mainly patients by possibility to create personalized prosthesis. Contemporary almost 99% of all hearing aids are printed by 3D printer. The application of 3D printing in combination with medical imaging techniques undoubtedly enhances forensic medicine. It can be used to print models which are appropriate to evidence presentation in the courtroom and settle the final cause of death. A lot of futurists claim that future of that technique is heading towards printing functional organs, which will be able to replace human organs. Based on these considerations, it can be concluded that the boundaries of future medicine are designated only by our imagination.

Michal Sliwa, Karina Sypek, Marcin Kostuj, Przemyslaw Szczotka, Kamil Kowal, Kamil Balabuszek, Piotr Rydel

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