Sleep disorders associated with pregnancy – a literature review

Abstract: Pregnancy is a condition during which both physiological and pathological changes can disrupt sleep, cause development of maternal sleep disorders or exacerbate pre-existing conditions. Pregnancy-related sleep disorders are common and are associated with significant potential risk to the mother and the foetus. Based on many recent articles we have described most common and important conditions which may disrupt sleep during pregnancy, like sleep-disordered breathing, insomnia, restless leg syndrome, sleep-related leg cramps and gastroesophageal reflux disease. Pregnancy complicated with sleep disturbances is related to higher risk of gestational and obstetric complications including gestational diabetes, gestational hypertension, preeclampsia, longer labour duration, higher risk of caesarean delivery, irregular foetal development and preterm birth or even stillbirth. Obstetricians and physicians should consider and manage early recognized pathologic sleep disturbances in pregnancy in order to minimize or prevent adverse outcomes.

Authors:
Natalia Jaczynska, Barbara Osowsk, Joanna Kacperczyk-Bartnik, Paweł Bartnik, Agnieszka Dobrowolska-Redo, Ewa Romejko-
Wolniewicz

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