The relationship between fertility disorders and depression in women – review

Abstract: Depression is defined by the WHO as persistent sadness and loss of interest in taking actions that usually brought joy accompanied by the inability to undertake basic activities during the day for at least two weeks. Infertility is defined by the WHO as the inability to get pregnant despite regular sexual intercourse (3-4 times a week), maintained > 12 months, without the use of any contraceptive methods. This review presents reports from the field of gynaecology and psychiatry regarding both depression and infertility, and association between these conditions. The most important conclusions from this association have been analysed and summarized in this review. Some reports indicated an increased percentage of infertility in patients suffering from depression. On the other hand, depression may also increase due to infertility, which leads to a vicious circle. Depression may also lead to decreased libido. Holistic approach to patients managed because of infertility is recommended, including screening for depressive disorders.

Carlo Bienkowski, Monika Kowalczyk, Konrad Zasadzinski, Agata Golik, Joanna Kacperczyk-Bartnik, Pawel Bartnik, Agnieszka Dobrowolska-Redo, Ewa Romejko-Wolniewicz

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