Occurrence of Sexual Dysfunctions Among Patients Suffering From Multiple Sclerosis

Abstract: It is estimated that 75% of patients suffering from multiple sclerosis (MS) have sexual dysfunctions. Despite frequency of these dysfunctions, the problem is often underestimated in everyday medical practice. The research included 22 patients with MS (14 F, 8 M) treated in Department of Neurology, Medical University of Silesia. The research tool was a standardized MSISQ-19 scale. The scale allows assessing how different signs of MS, in last 6 months, influenced sexual activity and satisfaction. The questionnaire was completed by patients during the treatment twice, a year apart. Statistical analysis was carried out using Statistica 10.0. The mean score MSISQ-19 obtained from patients suffering from MS was 36 (min-19, max-61), after one year follow-up 27 (min-19, max-67). There were no statistically significant differences between the results of scale MSISQ-19 among men and women (>0.05). However, there was a positive correlation between the age of patients and the result I-domain row MSISQ-19 scale (p=0.031, r=0.459). The longer duration of the disease from diagnosis, the higher the total score obtained by patients in MSISQ-19 (p=0.038, r= 0.4458). The duration of the disease correlated positively with the III-domain row MSISQ-19 (p=0.028,cr=0.4689). The age of patients suffering from multiple sclerosis affects the weakening of sexual experience as a result of neurological disorders. Sexual disorders occur equally among men and women. Patients with a longer duration of the disease appear to have greater degree of emotional and social disability that interferes with the sphere of sexuality.

Katarzyna Rabiczko, Paulina Brozek, Marta Brachmanska, Weronika Bulska, Ewa Krzystanek

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