The contemporary music therapy is a relatively new scientific and therapeutic field, which has its beginnings in ancient times. Records of music therapy treatment can be found both in the Holy Bible, as well as in old Roman sources, Greek mythology and the Far East writings. Since the introduction of the current term of the music therapy, the very concept of using music for therapeutic purposes has been constantly changing and evolving. Apart from the American and Swedish research, Polish scientist have also contributed to the deve- lopment of the method. The therapeutic effects of music have already been used in pedagogy, psychology, rehabilitation and many other areas. Music finds numerous applications in various branches of medicine due to its influence on the emotional sphere of human life and, in consequence, also on the physiological parameters of the human body. Music therapy can be divided into two categories: receptive and active one. Although in medicine mainly the former is preferred, it is an interesting alternative to the pharmacological treatment, which in itself encounters many limitations. The possibility of using music therapy in reducing the level of anxiety in patients is particularly important in dental practice. The high percentage of patients suffering from dentophobia and a profound impact of the increased anxiety level on the intensification of pain perception may provide sufficient incentive for introducing music therapy as a standard procedure.
Jarosław Kobylański, Maciej Walczak, Krzysztof Stępień et al