Microcephaly associated with Zika virus infection – prevention, diagnosis and treatment

Background: Zika virus (ZIKV) is a mosquito-borne flavivirus, first identified in Uganda in 1947 in monkeys by researchers monitoring yellow fever. Later virus was identified in humans in 1952 in Uganda and the United Republic of Tanzania. Outbreaks of ZIKV disease have been recorded in Africa, the Americas, Asia and the Pacific. From the 1960s to 1980s, human infections were found across Africa and Asia, typically accompanied by mild illness. The first large outbreak of disease caused by Zika infection was reported from the Island of Yap (Federated States of Micronesia) in 2007. The next epidemic of ZIKV infection was reported in 2015 in South and Central America and the Caribbean.

Authors:

Justyna Sztajerowska, Alicja Wesołowska, Agata Tuszyńska, Joanna Kacperczyk, Agnieszka Dobrowolska-Redo, Ewa Romejko-Wolniewicz

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