Evaluation of Psychiatric Disorders Among Patients Suffering From Multiple Sclerosis

Abstract: Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a chronic demyelinating disease of the CNS. Movement disorders, but also mental dysfunction, affect the quality of life of patients with MS. The study group consisted of 39 patients with MS treated in the Department of Neurology, Medical University of Silesia. The control group consisted of 100 people from a healthy population. The research tools were: Hamilton Rating Scale for Depression (HAM-D) and Anxiety (HAM-A), Athens Insomnia Scale (AIS), Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS). Very severe depression occurred in 10.53% of patients with MS but only in 6.0% of people from healthy population. Women with MS were statistically more likely to suffer from depression than men (p=0.019). 20.51% of MS patients had insomnia, in healthy population 11.0%. There were no statistically significant differences between the genders and the occurrence of sleep disorders in MS patients. There were a strong positive correlation between scores of AIS with HAM-A (p=0.0001; r=0.7) and AIS with HAM-D (p=0.0001; r=0.78). Psychiatric disorders are more common among women suffering from MS. Patients with MS are more likely to suffer from severe forms of depression and insomnia.

Authors:
Paulina Brozek, Marta Brachmanska, Katarzyna Rabiczko, Weronika Bulska, Ewa Krzystanek

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